The Hows, Whys, And Whens Of Rate Locks

3/9/2016 11:01:13 AM

Q: Everyone I talk with about my house search tells me I need to shop mortgages and lock in a rate. What do they mean?

A: If you’re on the market for a house now, congratulations. This is a historically good time to buy. Interest rates are low and prices are rising in most markets. Even if it seems like a disorienting and confusing process, home buying is worthwhile in the long run.
A rate lock is an agreement by a lender to ensure a rate on a loan for a set period of time. Regardless of what the mortgage market does before the closing date, the “points,” duration, and interest rate will remain the same. Point Loma Credit Union’s rate lock agreement is valid for a period of 45 days.


When should I get a rate lock?

It might be tempting to get your mortgage rate set at the time you submit your loan application. As convenient as it sounds, doing so could cost you in the long run. Interest rates don’t change that fast. Over the past year, interest rates have gone from a low of 3.55% to a high of 4.20%. The worst month ever for mortgage rates saw an increase of about half a percent. That raises your monthly payment $35 on a $250,000 loan.

That said, ignoring your mortgage rate until the day before closing is also unwise. Your lender needs time to put together the paperwork for your loan. Ideally, you should consider getting a rate lock sometime between a week and a month before you close. A pre-approval process should give you a good idea of your budget and can help your offer stand out in a sellers’ market. An easy closing transaction, instead of trying to time the market, should be your priority here.


How do I lock my rate?

One of the wisest things you can do in the home-buying process is to talk with your credit union to let them know you are starting the process of buying a home. With many years of experience in home lending, they can help you identify some good strategies for determining the right home for you and streamline the process you’ll be following. They will also help you get started on pre-approval if appropriate at that time. Then, once you’ve found the right house and you’re ready to make it yours, let them know you are ready to lock your rate. After signing an agreement with your lender for the rate, points and duration, you’re all set.


Why should I lock my interest rate?

Locking your interest rate has two big benefits. It helps you prepare your new monthly budget and it helps your credit union get all the necessary paperwork in order for closing. Don’t think of your rate lock as a chance to score a deal. You won’t save much money. In fact, you could stand to lose quite a bit by trying. Think of it as a T-crossing and I-dotting exercise. Having a rate lock on a mortgage means one less piece of paperwork that stands between you and your new home.

If you’d like more information about current mortgage rates, saving for a down payment, or anything else about the homebuying process, reach out to your neighbors at PLCU. Their supportive staff is there to help you every step of the way, from setting a budget to protecting your biggest investment. Call, email, or click your way to PLCU today!

SOURCES:
http://www.bankrate.com/finance/mortgages/questions-rate-lock-answered.aspx
https://ycharts.com/indicators/30_year_mortgage_rate
 


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